Volume 6, Issue 3, May 2020, Page: 38-43
Implementation of a Tracheostomy Protocol During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Brian Temple, Huntington Hospital – Northwell Health, Huntington, New York, USA
Michael Segal, Huntington Hospital – Northwell Health, Huntington, New York, USA
Vijay A Singh, Huntington Hospital – Northwell Health, Huntington, New York, USA
Daniel Galvin, Huntington Hospital – Northwell Health, Huntington, New York, USA
Robert Kerr, Huntington Hospital – Northwell Health, Huntington, New York, USA
Robert Zingale, Huntington Hospital – Northwell Health, Huntington, New York, USA
Received: Jun. 19, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 7, 2020;       Published: Jul. 17, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijcts.20200603.11      View  276      Downloads  86
Abstract
The coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic has offered a unique set of challenges to the medical community often requiring prolonged treatment algorithms. The illness, afflicting more than 7.3 million people worldwide with estimates of 5-20% requiring critical care, has become a burden on the healthcare community. These critically ill patients who acquire the severe form of the disease routinely require prolonged invasive mechanical ventilation. The questions then arise, “when and for whom does tracheostomy become indicated,” and “how to safely perform a tracheostomy in this patient population.” With consideration to aerosolization of the virus, we have derived and instituted a protocol at a community institution with aims of reducing provider risk while safely performing a tracheostomy. An open tracheostomy was performed at bedside, within a negative pressure intensive care unit (ICU) setting, utilizing a closed-circuit technique as described in this text. A total of 17 tracheostomies were performed employing the described technique. Minimal complications were noted throughout the study and no adverse oxygenation events were observed with an average total apneic time of 106 seconds. An acceptable mortality rate of 23% was observed given the lethal nature of this disease in ventilated, critically ill patients. No nosocomial transmission of the virus was documented for all team members. This protocol can be used to determine efficacy and safely execute a tracheostomy in COVID-19 patients. As information about COVID-19 continues to unfold, protocols for high risk procedures will need to fluidly evolve.
Keywords
COVID-19, Tracheostomy, Protocol, Indication
To cite this article
Brian Temple, Michael Segal, Vijay A Singh, Daniel Galvin, Robert Kerr, Robert Zingale, Implementation of a Tracheostomy Protocol During the COVID-19 Pandemic, International Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 38-43. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcts.20200603.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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